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National coal chemical industry policy has never been hot

wallpapers News 2020-08-18

The development of modern coal chemical industry demonstration in China has a specific background of the times national conditions.

Since 2004, with the sharp rise of international oil price, China's resource characteristics of rich coal, poor oil little gas determine that coal chemical industry is expected to become an important alternative to petrochemical industry.

Under the background of high oil price at that time, the cost advantages of coal chemical industry such as coal to liquid coal to olefin were particularly obvious.

For the consideration of energy strategic security, the state decided to carry out modern coal chemical industry demonstration.

On June 30, 2004, the State Council issued the outline of medium long term energy development plan (2004-2020).

The concept of modern coal chemical industry is not clearly put forward in this plan, but there is a relevant statement that "it is necessary to organize implement the development of gasification technology for large-scale high-efficiency coal, break through the key common technologies such as carbon monoxide conversion, purification catalytic synthesis".

This plan is considered as the first time to indirectly incorporate modern coal chemical industry into China's medium long-term energy development strategy from the technical level.

In August of the same year, with the approval of the state, China's first coal to liquid project, Shenhua Group's direct coal liquefaction project, was officially started in Ordos, Inner Mongolia.

in June 2005, the first coal to olefin project, Datang Duolun coal to olefin project in Inner Mongolia, was put on record by the government of the autonomous region, the construction started in July of the same year.

The start of these two projects has become a lmark event for China's modern coal chemical industry from imagination to reality.

The state has only made a few points in its policy, but various localities have been rapidly "from point to area".

Soon, many coal rich areas began to show a high degree of enthusiasm for modern coal chemical industry, many projects were planned by local governments.

In August 2008, the national development Reform Commission (NDRC) issued the notice on issues related to strengthening the management of coal to liquid projects after stepping on the brakes of Shangma coal to liquid project in view of the situation that some localities are rushing into the planning of coal to liquid projects.

The circular is strictly worded, which stipulates that except for the coal direct liquefaction project of Shenhua Group which has already started construction, other coal to liquid projects shall be stopped.

the competent investment departments of governments at all levels shall immediately stop the approval of coal to liquid projects, it is strictly prohibited to break up the whole into parts, create a name by clever means, illegally examine approve.

Due to the urgent suspension of coal to oil projects, many places began to plan develop coal to olefin coal to natural gas projects.

Shaanxi, Inner Mongolia, Ningxia, Xinjiang, Shanxi, Liaoning, Guizhou, Shong other coal resource rich areas have planned such projects.

At one time, more than 20 coal to olefin projects are under construction planned, with a total planned capacity of 20 million tons.

In view of this new situation, considering that coal to olefin has the characteristics of capital technology intensive, there is no commercial operation unit of coal to olefin in the world before, coal to olefin has great technical economic risks, so the approval of such projects is also very cautious.

Up to now, except for the three demonstration projects of Inner Mongolia Datang Duolun 460000 T / a coal to polypropylene, Shenhua Baotou 600000 T / a coal to olefin Shenhua Ningmei 520000 T / a coal to polypropylene demonstration projects which have been approved by the government, the remaining projects have not been released by policy.

In September 2009, the Ministry of industry information technology organized a special investigation on the planning, approval, filing, preparation construction of coal to olefin projects in Shaanxi, Guizhou, Ningxia, Yunnan, Inner Mongolia other places.

On the basis of the investigation, six guiding opinions on the development of coal chemical industry were formed: first, the coal chemical industry was still regarded as the The second is to develop coal chemical industry in a clean, economical safe way improve the level of technology equipment.

the third is to strictly access approve projects.

the fourth is to control the total amount, develop steadily, eliminate backward technologies, focus on the demonstration project of coal to liquid.

The fifth is to guide the rational layout of coal chemical industry, to develop coal chemical industry in areas where coal resources water resources are rich, strictly control the development of coal chemical industry in water shortage areas.

sixth, to develop the application fields of methanol dimethyl ether.

Since then, the State Council has issued some opinions on restraining overcapacity repeated construction in some industries guiding the healthy development of the industry, which stipulates that the coal chemical industry policy shall be strictly implemented, the construction of modern coal chemical demonstration projects shall be carried out steadily.

In principle, no new pilot sites will be arranged in the next three years.

With the frequent occurrence of "gas shortage" the increasing shortage of natural gas in China, for the sake of national energy strategic security, in 2009, the national development Reform Commission approved China's first demonstration project of coal to natural gas, namely, the 4 billion cubic meters / year coal to natural gas demonstration project in Inner Mongolia of Datang, officially launched the demonstration of coal to natural gas.

After that, the state has approved three coal to natural gas projects, including Xinjiang Qinghua, Inner Mongolia Huineng, Datang, Liaoning Fuxin.

Although the state is cautious about the development of coal to gas, it seems that the investment enthusiasm of the main coal producing provinces has not been curbed.

In a short period of time, more than ten coal to gas projects have been heard.

Based on this, since 2010, the national development Reform Commission began to tighten the approval of coal to natural gas projects.

In 2011, the national development Reform Commission also unified the examination approval rights of modern coal chemical projects, such as methanol to olefins with an annual output of more than 500000 tons, coal to methanol coal to dimethyl ether with an annual output of less than 1 million tons.

It also made clear that the development of coal chemical industry in the next five years should be changed from "moderate" development to "prudent" development.

Combing the development process of modern coal chemical industry in recent years, it is not difficult to find that despite the investment boom of local governments enterprises, the media's great attention to this new industry, there is no lack of advocacy momentum, but the national policy level has always maintained calm prudent, the pilot demonstration of modern coal chemical industry should be carried out first the new projects should be strictly controlled In the end, the project approval release also follows a basic principle: give priority to technological innovation upgrading demonstration, temporarily do not encourage large-scale industrial development.

Since 2012, the news that the 12th Five Year Plan of China's coal chemical industry is about to be released has aroused great concern in the industry.

However, the plan has not yet been published.

Although the specific reasons for the delay of the 12th Five Year Plan of coal chemical industry are unknown, there are still great differences between the coal chemical industry the industry on environmental protection resource issues.


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TRUNNANO (aka. Luoyang Tongrun Nano Technology Co. Ltd.) is a trusted global chemical material supplier & manufacturer with over 12 years' experience in providing super high-quality chemicals and Nanomaterials. The nitride powder produced by our company has high purity, fine particle size and impurity content. Please contact us if necessary.
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