A tanker carrying 650,000 barrels of Venezuelan crude oil is reportedly bound for Europe, the first time Venezuela has exported crude to Europe in the past two years under US sanctions. It is analyzed that the U.S. is making up for the European energy gap caused by the sanctions against Russia by giving the green light to Venezuelan oil exports. It is reported that Venezuela is rich in oil resources, with the current proven reserves of 300 billion barrels, ranked the world's first, oil export is also one of the country's economic pillars.
Germany will take emergency measures to ensure it meets its energy needs, including increasing its use of coal, the German government said recently, after a drop in gas supplies from Russia.
"In order to reduce gas consumption, it is necessary to reduce the use of gas for electricity generation," the Economy Ministry said in a statement. We're going to have to switch to more coal-fired power plants."
The measures announced that day also include an "auction" system to sell natural gas to manufacturers, according to reports. The German government says the system will help reduce gas consumption in manufacturing industries.
The measures come as Russian energy giant Gazprom recently warned that it would sharply cut gas supplies to Europe, the report said.
The supply and prices of international bulk tungsten carbide are still very uncertain.
About Tungsten Carbide WC Powder:
Tungsten carbide is a compound composed of tungsten and carbon. Tungsten carbide formula is WC, and Tungsten carbide molecular weight is 195.85.
Tungsten carbide color: The most basic form of tungsten carbide is a fine gray powder, but it can be pressed into shapes through a process called sintering for use in industrial machinery, cutting tools, abrasives, armor-piercing bullets, and jewelry.
The stiffness of tungsten carbide is about twice that of steel, and Young's modulus is about 530-700 GPa (77,000 to 102,000 ksi), which is twice the density of steel and is almost between lead and gold. Its hardness is comparable to that of corundum (α-Al2O3), and only cubic boron nitride and diamond powder, grinding wheels and compounds with high hardness abrasives can be used for polishing and finishing.
Tungsten carbide is also used to make tungsten carbide rings, tungsten carbide mens rings, tungsten carbide wedding bands, tungsten carbide mens wedding bands, etc. Because tungsten carbide rings price is cheaper than gold or platinum rings, and tungsten carbide is more scratch-resistant than any other metal, and available in a wide variety of styles, colors, and inlays, like black tungsten carbide rings, tungsten carbide rings gold.
Black tungsten carbide is a hexagonal crystal with metallic luster and hardness similar to that of a diamond. It is a good conductor of electricity and heat. Tungsten carbide is insoluble in water, hydrochloric acid and sulfuric acid, but easily soluble in a mixed acid of nitric acid and hydrofluoric acid. Pure tungsten carbide is fragile, and if a small amount of titanium, cobalt and other metals are added, the brittleness can be reduced. Tungsten carbide used as a steel cutting tool is often added with titanium carbide, tantalum carbide or their mixture to improve the anti-knock ability. Tungsten carbide is chemically stable. Tungsten carbide powder is used in cemented carbide production materials.
Feel free to send an inquiry to get the latest price of tungsten carbide if you would like to buy tungsten carbide powder in bulk.
Performance of of of Tungsten carbide WC powder :
Black hexagonal crystals; Melting point 2870 ° C ± 50 ° C; Boiling point 6000 ° C; Dissolved in mixed acid of nitric acid and hydrofluoric acid, also in aqua regia; Insoluble in cold water; The relative density of 15.63; Strong acid resistance; High hardness, High elastic modulus; Use for the production of various alloys.
Technical parameters of Tungsten carbide WC powder :
|WC||Molecular Weight||Total Carbon||Free Carbon||O||As||Bi||Ca||Cd|
How is Tungsten Carbide WC Powder produced?
Using metal tungsten and carbon as raw materials, tungsten powder with an average particle size of 3 to 5 μm and carbon black of the same amount are dry mixed with a ball mill, fully mixed, press-molded, and placed into a graphite plate, and then placed in a graphite resistance furnace Or it can be heated to 1400～1700℃ in an induction furnace, preferably 1550～1650℃. In the hydrogen stream, W2C is initially produced and continues to react at high temperatures to produce WC. Or firstly, tungsten hexacarbonyl is thermally decomposed at 650-1000°C in the CO atmosphere to obtain tungsten powder, and then reacted with carbon monoxide at 1150°C to obtain WC. Temperatures higher than this temperature can generate W2C.
Chemical reaction formula:
2W + C = W2C
W + C = WC
Tungsten trioxide WO3 is hydrogenated and reduced to prepare tungsten powder (average particle size 3～5μm). Then, the mixture of tungsten powder and carbon black in an equimolar ratio (dry-blended with a ball mill for about 10 hours) is press-formed under a pressure of about 1t/cm2. Put the pressurized material block into a graphite pan or crucible, and heat it to 1400～1700℃ (preferably 1550～1650) in a hydrogen stream (using pure hydrogen with a dew point of -35℃) using a graphite resistance furnace or an induction electric furnace ℃), carburizing will produce WC. The reaction starts from around the tungsten particles, because W2C is generated at the beginning of the reaction, and because the reaction is incomplete (mainly because the reaction temperature is low), unreacted W and intermediate W2C remain in addition to WC. Therefore, it must be heated to the above-mentioned high temperature. The maximum temperature should be determined according to the particle size of raw tungsten. For coarse particles with an average particle size of about 150 μm, the reaction proceeds at a high temperature of 1550 to 1650°C.
Chemical reaction formula:
WO3 + 3H2 → W + 3H2O
2WO3 + 3C → 2W + 3CO2
2W + C = W2C
W + C = WC
Applications of Tungsten Carbide WC Powder:
Tungsten carbide is widely used as high-speed cutting tools, furnace structural materials, jet engine parts, cermet materials, resistance heating elements, etc. Used to manufacture cutting tools, wear-resistant parts, melting crucibles for metals such as copper, cobalt, and bismuth, and wear-resistant semiconductor films.
Tungsten carbide is used as super-hard tool material and wear-resistant material.
Tungsten carbide can form a solid solution with many carbides. WC-TiC-Co cemented carbide tools have been widely used.
Tungsten carbide can also be used as a modified additive of NbC-C and TaC-C ternary system carbides, which can reduce the sintering temperature and maintain excellent performance. It can be used as aerospace materials.
Tungsten carbide (WC) powder can also be synthesized by using tungsten anhydride (WO3) and graphite in a reducing atmosphere at a high temperature of 1400～1600℃. Dense ceramic products can be obtained by hot pressing sintering or hot isostatic pressing sintering.
Tungsten carbide (WC) powder can also be used to produce high capability nano-crystalline or superfine horniness alloy, hard-face abrasion-resistant spraying and petrochemical cracking catalyst; Chipless forming tools; Cutting tools; Mining tolls; Nano-composites (for enhanced hardness, strength, and wear resistance); Erosion-resistant coatings; wear-resistance coatings; Corrosion-resistant coatings; Wear-resistant parts.
Storage Condition of Tungsten carbide WC powder :
Tungsten carbide WC powder dispersion performance and using effects, therefore, niobium carbide NbC powder should be sealed in vacuum packing and stored in a cool and dry room, the niobium carbide can not be exposure to air. In addition, the NbC powder should be avoided under stress.
Packing & Shipping of Tungsten carbide WC powder :
We have many different kinds of packing which depend on the niobium carbide NbC powder quantity.
Tungsten carbide WC powder packing: vacuum packing, 1kg/bag, 25kg/barrel, or as your request.
Tungsten carbide WC powder shipping: could be shipped out by sea, by air, by express as soon as possible once payment receipt.
Luoyang Tongrun Nano Technology Co. Ltd. (TRUNNANO) is a trusted global chemical material supplier & manufacturer with over 12-year-experience in providing super high-quality chemicals and Nanomaterials, including boride powder, nitride powder, graphite powder, sulfide powder, 3D printing powder, etc.
If you are looking for high-quality tungsten carbide powder, please feel free to contact us and send an inquiry. (firstname.lastname@example.org)
Tungsten Carbide Properties
|Other Names||tungsten(IV) carbide, WC powder|
|Appearance||Gray Black Powder|
|Solubility in H2O||N/A|
|Electrical Resistivity||1 10x Ω-m|
|Specific Heat||280 J/kg-K|
|Tensile Strength||350 MPa|
|Thermal Conductivity||85 W/m-K|
|Thermal Expansion||5.4 µm/m-K|
|Young's Modulus||630 GPa|
Tungsten Carbide Health & Safety Information
"Is there talk of solidarity with Sweden and Finland joining NATO? No." "So is the West united?" Zelensky said at this Ukraine-hosted breakfast in Davos. No." "Our strength is unity within the country," Zelensky said. "Now it depends on the Unity of the West to stand strong and firm behind Ukraine against Russia.
According to Zelensky, "When we are all really united, we will have an advantage over Russia."
Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelensky says he once again appreciates U.S. President Joe Biden's offer of $40 billion in new financial aid to Ukraine.
"We need the support of a united Europe," Zelensky stressed. Zelensky criticized the position of Hungarian Prime Minister Viktor Orban, who is reluctant to impose an embargo on Russian oil at this stage. "Hungary has a problem!" Zelensky criticized.
The supply and prices of many other tungsten carbide are expected to continue to be influenced by changing international situations.
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